In 1933 approximately nine million Jews lived in the countries of Europe that would be occupied by Germany during the war. By 1945 two out of every three European Jews had been killed by the SS Men. The Holocaust was the systematic annihilation of six million Jews.

But Jews were not the only group singled out for persecution by Hitler’s Nazi regime. As many as one-half million Gypsies, at least 250,000 mentally or physically disabled persons, and more than three million Soviet prisoners-of-war also fell victim to Nazi genocide. Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, Social Democrats, Communists, partisans, trade unionists, Polish intelligentsia and other undesirables were also victims of the hate and aggression carried out by the Nazis.

The number of children killed during the Holocaust is not fathomable and full statistics for the tragic fate of the children will never be known. Some estimates range as high as 1.5 million murdered children. This figure includes more than 1.2 million Jewish children, tens of thousands of Gypsy children and thousands of handicapped children.

The Buchenwald Concentration Camp was a Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg near Weimar, Thuringia, Nazi Germany, in July 1937, and one of the largest such camps on German soil.

Between July 1937 and April 1945, some 250,000 people were incarcerated in Buchenwald by the Nazi regime. One estimate places the number of deaths in Buchenwald at 56,000. (Material licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License from Wikipedia).

 

 

 

 

   

Louis Bülow - ©2011-13
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